Any wines reviewed on Organic Wine Review that are tagged “organic grapes” indicate the grapes have been grown using organic practices (e.g. without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides and herbicides) and that they have been certified as such by a local governing body.
Organic Grapes (Uncertified)
Uncertified organic grapes indicate that the grapes have been grown according to organic practices but that the growers have chosen not to be formally certified as such by a local governing body.
Organic wine is made from grapes that have been grown without the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, fungicides and herbicides. Further no additives such as flavor enhancers or stabilizers or preservatives (e.g. sulfites) are added and the wine experiences no (or minimal) manipulation (e.g. excessive filtration, reverse osmosis, etc.) during the winemaking process.
The key to biodynamic winemaking is to consider the vineyard as a living system that is closed and self-sustaining; it has its roots in a series of lectures delivered by Rudolf Steiner in 1924. Biodynamic wines are produced by using only organically grown grapes. Biodynamic winemakers see their vineyards in a much broader context that connects their vines and the year-long growing cycle with lunar and cosmic rhythms.